Encyclopedia

How to Cite an Encyclopedia in MLA (Download the Printer Friendly PDF)

Encyclopedia in Print

A book or a series of books used for reference on a range of materials or numerous information typically around one subject

Structure: Last, First M., and First M. Last. “Article Name.” Encyclopedia Name. City: Publisher, Year Published. Page(s). Print.

Front Cover

Page 2: Subsequent pages after the cover will have publication information

Citation: McGhee, Karen, and George McKay. “Insects.” Encyclopedia of Animals. Washington: National Geographic Society, 2007. 170-71. Print.
Encyclopedia via Website

Citing a published encyclopedia found online

Structure: Last, First M., and First M. Last. “Article Title.” Encyclopedia Name. City: Publisher, Year Published. Website Title. Web. Date Month Year Accessed. <URL>.
*URL Note: URL is optional unless the source cannot be located without it or if required by your instructor.

Website

Date accessed: Web sources may change and must be considered unique

Citation: McGhee, Karen, and George McKay. “Insects.” Encyclopedia of Animals. Washington: National Geographic Society, 2007. Google Books. Web. 2 Jan. 2010.
Encyclopedia via Database

Citing an encyclopedia from a database

Structure: Last, First M. “Article Title.” Encyclopedia Name. Ed. First M. Last. Vol. Volume. City: Publisher, Year Published. Database Name. Web Date Month Year. <URL>.
*URL Note: URL is optional unless the source cannot be located without it or if required by your instructor.

Database

Date accessed: Web sources may change and must be considered unique

Citation: Holmes, Heather. “Advertising of Food.” Encyclopedia of Food and Culture. Ed. Solomon H. Katz. Vol. 1. New York: Scribner’s, 2003. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 2 July 2010.

View additional citation examples on how to cite an encyclopedia in MLA format.

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