Web Rules

Chicago/Turabian Basics (Download the Printer Friendly PDF)

Web Rules

When citing sources from the Internet, try adding as much of the following in the same sequence:

1. Contributor information
2. Title of work (quotes)
3. Title of overall website
4. Date of electronic publication
5. Date accessed
6. URL
Structure: (1)Contributors. (2)“Title.” (3)Website. (4)Date. (5)Accessed date. (6)URL.
*Note: Chicago/Turabian only requires a date accessed if there is no publication date.

Sources Published Directly Online

Sources published directly online have no in print originals, and therefore, it is important to include information that will help the reader identify the source on their own. Chicago/Turabian requires you to include the URL and the date published (electronically in this case).

Citing an article from an online only resource

Friedland, Lois. “Top 10 Natural and Wildlife Adventure Travel Trips.” About.com. September 22, 2008. http://adventuretravel.about.com/od/ecotourism/tp/Nature—Wildlife-Adventures.htm.

Citing an entire website with no identifiable electronic publication date

EasyBib.com. Accessed May 8, 2009. http://easybib.com.

Note that newspaper and magazines articles published directly online still follow many of the rules of their in-print counterparts. This includes italicizing the newspaper or magazine title.

Citing an article from an online only news source

Chen, Stephanie. “Growing up is Hard with Mom in Prison” CNN.com. May 7, 2009. http://articles.cnn.com/2009-05-07/justice/mothers.prison_1_mother-mary-williams-father?_s=PM:CRIME.

Citing an article from an online newspaper

Shorto, Russell. “Going Dutch.” New York Times. May 3, 2009. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/05/03/magazine/03european-t.html?pagewanted=all.

Some online only sources have publication information unique to its source type, such as online only journals (volume & issue information). Follow the journal format and add the URL.

Citing an online only journal

Glotzer, Richard and Anne Federlein. “Miles that Bind: Commuter Marriage and Family Strength.” Michigan Family Review 12, no. 1 (2007): 7-31. http://hdl.handle.net/2027/spo.4919087.0012.102.

Sources Published Indirectly Online

As opposed to some sources published by a website (direct), other sources may be originally in print, or in another medium, and found online. Cite these sources as you would in their original form, and then add the URL. Only include the date accessed if there is no publication date.

Citing a book originally in print found online

Catton, Bruce. The Civil War. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 2005. http://books.google.com.

Citing a newsletter found online with no page information

Puzzanchera, Charles. “Juvenile Arrests 2007.” Juvenile Justice Bulletin, April 2009. National Criminal Justice Reference Service.
*Note: Include the URL if possible and stable. If there is no stable URL, use the database name instead.

Citing a video found online

West, Kanye. Amazing, produced by Hype Williams. 2009 by Roc-A-Fella Records. YouTube. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=at4OQvNlxSw.

Citing a painting viewed online

Citing a musical recording listened to online, with no discernible manufacturer or date

Park, Obadiah. “Hey Ya.” Accessed February 10, 2007. http://www.thesixtyone.com/#/s/ZjI1jFMgrkF.

Citing a digital image found on Google images

Bruce Springsteen. Digital image. Google Images. Accessed October 9, 2009. http://images.google.com.
*Note: In the above example the title is not in quotes because it is a description of the digital image. The URL was truncated to the search URL because it was too long and complicated.

Sources found in online databases typically have been published elsewhere. Include as much as the original publication information as possible, and then add the stable URL or database name if URL is not stable. Only include the date accessed if date published is not available.

Citing an originally in print journal article found in a database

Ahn, Hyunchul, and Kyoung-jae Kim. “Using Genetic Algorithms to Optimize Nearest Neighbors for Data Mining.” Annals of Operations Research 263, no. 1 (2008): 5-18. Academic Search Premier.
*Note: Include the URL if possible and stable. If there is no stable URL, use the database name instead.



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