Encyclopedia

How to Cite an Encyclopedia in APA (Download the Printer Friendly PDF)

Encyclopedia in Print

A book or a series of books used for reference on a range of materials or numerous information typically around one subject

Structure: Last, F. M., & Last, F. M. (Year Published). Article title. In Encyclopedia name (pp. Page(s)). City, State: Publisher.

Front Cover

Page 2: Subsequent pages after the cover will have publication information

Citation: McGhee, K., & McKay, G. (2007). Insects. In Encyclopedia of animals (pp. 170-171). Washington, DC: National Geographic Society.
Encyclopedia via Website

Citing a published encyclopedia found online

Structure: Last, F. M., & Last, F. M. (Year Published) Article title. In Encyclopedia name. Retrieved from URL
*URL Note: If not yet indexed or difficult to find from the homepage, then include the full URL. Otherwise, use the homepage URL.

Website

Date accessed: Only include if the source is one that might change

Citation: McGhee, K., & McKay, G. (2007). Insects. In Encyclopedia of animals. Retrieved from http://books.google.com
Encyclopedia via Database

Citing an encyclopedia from a database

Structure: Last, F. M. (Year Published). Article title. In F. M. Last (Ed.), Encyclopedia name (Vol. Volume, pp. Page(s)). City, State: Publisher. Retrieved Month Date, Year, from URL
*Note about Editor: F. M. Last before (Ed.) or (Eds.) is Editor, NOT Author.
*URL Note: Add homepage URL of publisher. If none, use the homepage database URL. If published only online, use unique URL.

Database

Date accessed: Only include if the source is one that might change

Citation: Holmes, H. (2003). Advertising of food. In S. H. Katz (Ed.), Encyclopedia of food and culture (Vol. 1, pp. 16-20). New York, NY: Scribner’s. Retrieved July 2, 2010, from http://www.gale.cengage.com

View addition citation examples on how to cite an encyclopedia in APA format.

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